Acetic Acid (alias of Vinegar acid)

CAS RN: 64-19-7

Major Uses

For acetic acid (USEPA/OPP Pesticide Code: 044001) ACTIVE products with label matches. /SRP: Registered for use in the U.S. but approved pesticide uses may change periodically and so federal, state and local authorities must be consulted for currently approved uses./
Used as a laboratory reagent in chemical and biochemical analysis, in field testing of lead fumes, vinyl chloride determination, uric acid in urine, aniline vapors, and separation of gases. Used in miscellaneous applications for etching compounds for engraving; deliming agent during leather tanning, solvent for organic compounds, and oil well acidizer.
Used in chemical industry ... as an acidifying and neutralizing agent. Used in canning industries as an additive or flavorant for pickles, fish, meat, candy, and glazes ... used in textile and dye industries as ... dye catalysts, textile finishing, dye after-treatment, and production of nylon and acrylic fibers.
... Constituent of photographic fixing baths, hardeners, hypotest solutions, and constituent of microfilm cements.
Manufacture various acetates, acetyl compounds, cellulose acetate, acetate rayon, plastics and rubber in tanning; as laundry sour; printing calico and dyeing silk; as acidulant and preservative in foods; solvent for gums, resins, volatile oils and many other substances. Widely used in commercial organic syntheses. Aqueous and non-aqueous acid-base titrations. Trace metal analysis. Pharmaceutic aid (acidifier).
Reported uses (ppm):
Reported uses (ppm): (Flavor and Extract Manufacturers' Association)

Food Category Usual Max.
Alcoholic beverages 0.11 0.18
Baked goods 0.11 0.16
Cheese 0.00 0.00
Chewing gum 0.07 0.70
Condiments, relishes 135.60 135.70
Fats, oils 14.93 30.86
Frozen dairy 0.03 0.05
Gelatins, puddings 0.04 0.06
Gravies 1.82 12.14
Hard candy 0.17 0.17
Imitation dairy 0.14 0.14
Meat products 7.84 16.27
Milk products 0.80 1.25
Nonalcoholic beverages 0.06 0.23
Snack foods 1.50 1.50
Soft candy 0.05 0.07
Sweet sauce 0.11 0.11
Manufacturing of acetic anhydride, cellulose acetate, and vinyl acetate monomer; acetic esters; chloroacetic acid; production of plastics, pharmaceuticals, dyes, insecticides, photographic chemicals, etc.; food additive (acidulant); latex coagulant; oil-well acidizer; textile printing.
Dyeing auxiliary; etchant (semiconductor manufacture); acidulant (pickles, sauces, ketchup); aluminium brightening agent; laundry sour; Showa Denka allyl alcohol process reagent; Mitsubishi 1,4-butanediol process reagent; solvent (terephthalic acid production)
Effective and economical mycobactericidal disinfectants are needed to kill both Mycobacterium tuberculosis and non-M. tuberculosis mycobacteria. /The study/ found that acetic acid (vinegar) efficiently kills M. tuberculosis after 30 min of exposure to a 6% acetic acid solution. The activity is not due to pH alone, and propionic acid also appears to be bactericidal. M. bolletii and M. massiliense nontuberculous mycobacteria were more resistant, although a 30-min exposure to 10% acetic acid resulted in at least a 6-log10 reduction of viable bacteria. Acetic acid (vinegar) is an effective mycobactericidal disinfectant that should also be active against most other bacteria.
Herbicide. Controls weeds on fruits, vegetables, ornamentals and turf.
As acidifier, flavouring agent, for the prevention of rope in baking and as a solvent.
The uses for acetic acid are as follows: 32% is used in the production of vinyl acetate, the second largest use is for the production of terephthalic acid production, and an equal percentage for the production of acetate esters, a smaller amount is used for making acetic anhydride. Miscellaneous uses include production of chloroacetic acid and ketene derivatives, pharmaceuticals and dyestuffs.
THERAPEUTIC CATEGORY (VETERINARY): Vesicant, caustic destruction of warts
/Appendix A: Chemicals Used in Fracking/ Chemical name: Acetic Acid CAS: 000064-19-7 Chemical Purpose: Prevents precipitation of metal oxides Product Function: Iron Control. /From Table/
Both oil base and water base fracturing fluids are being used in the fracturing industry. Water base, which includes alcohol-water mixtures and low strength acids, make up the majority of treating fluids. The common chemicals added to these fluids are polymers for viscosity development, crosslinkers for viscosity enhancement, pH control chemicals, gel breakers for polymer degradation following the treatment, surfactants, clay stabilizers, alcohol, bactericides, fluid loss additives and friction reducer. /Hydraulic fracturing/
Hydraulic fracturing uses a specially blended liquid which is pumped into a well under extreme pressure causing cracks in rock formations underground. These cracks in the rock then allow oil and natural gas to flow, increasing resource production. ... Although there are dozens to hundreds of chemicals which could be used as additives, there are a limited number which are routinely used in hydraulic fracturing. The following is a list of the chemicals used most often. ...Chemical name: Acetic Acid CAS: 000064-19-7 Chemical Purpose: Prevents precipitation of metal oxides Product Function: Iron Control.
Medication (vet)
... Acetic acid could be a promising compound to be used as alternative to SO2 in keeping grapes quality and controlling decay during storage.
Find more information on this substance at: PubChem, PubMed