Diethyl Ether

CAS RN:60-29-7

Reactivities / Incompatibilities

Boron triazide, bromine trifluoride, bromine pentafluoride, bromine, iodine heptafluoride, silver perchlorate, fluorine nitrate, permanganic acid, nitric acid, hydrogen peroxide, peroxodisulfuric acid, iodine(VII) oxide, peat soils, thiotriazyl perchlorate, sulfonyl chloride, sulfur, uranyl nitrate, and wood pulp extracts.
Tends to form explosive peroxides under influence of air and light, especially when evaporation to dryness is attempted. ... Air-ether mixtures containing more than 1.85 vol-% of ether vapor, are explosive hazards. ... May explode when brought in contact with anhydrous nitric acid.
alpha-Hydroperoxy ethers are obtained readily from the autoxidation of most ethers /including diethyl ether/ containing alpha-hydrogens. From ... diethyl ether, the initially formed alpha-hydroperoxy ether can ... with acid treatment, form dangerously sensitive and explosive polymeric peroxide.
Strong oxidizers, halogens, sulfur, sulfur compounds [Note: Tends to form explosive peroxides under influence of air and light.]
Violent reaction or ignition on contact with halogens (e.g., bromine, chlorine), interhalogens (e.g., iodine heptafluoride), oxidants (e.g., silver perchlorate, nitrosyl perchlorate, nitryl perchlorate, chromyl chloride, fluorine nitrate, permanganic acid, nitric acid, hydrogen peroxide, peroxodisulfuric acid, iodine (VII) oxide, sodium peroxide, ozone, and liquid air), sulfur and sulfur compounds (e.g., sulfur when dried with peroxidized ether, sulfuryl chloride). Can react vigorously with acetyl peroxide, air, bromoazide, ClF3, CrO3, Cr(OCl)2, LiAlH2, NOClO4, O2, NClO2, (H2SO4 + permanganates), K2O2, [(C2H5)3Al + air], [(CH3)3Al + air].
It auto-oxidizes to form explosive polymeric 1-oxy-peroxides. Explosive reaction with boron triazide, bromine trifluoride, bromine pentafluoride, perchloric acid, uranyl nitrate + light, wood pulp extracts + heat.
A mixture of liquid air and diethyl ether exploded spontaneously.
A solution of bromoazide in ether is stable for a few hours, but after a time, or when being concentrated, it is likely to explode on shaking.
The reaction between chlorine and diethyl ether is very violent, sometimes explosive.
When ether is poured into chlorine gas an explosion results.
These compounds /diethyl ether and chromic anhydride/ react violently at room temperature.
With aluminum chloride as a catalyst, occasional explosions involving these /lithium aluminum hydride and diethyl ether/ materials have been traced to carbon dioxide as an impurity in the ether.
Nitrosyl perchlorate ignites and explodes with diethyl ether.
Nitronium perchlorate reacts with benzene, giving a slight explosion and flash. With acetone and diethyl ether the reaction produces a sharper explosion.
A drop of anhydrous perchloric acid in ether causes a violent explosion.
Explosions can occur when permanganates that have been treated with sulfuric acid com in contact with ... diethyl ether ... .
Find more information on this substance at: Hazardous Substances Data Bank , TOXNET , PubMed