Acrylonitrile

CAS RN:107-13-1

Major Uses

Cyanoethylation of cotton; synthetic soil blocks (acrylonitrile polymerized wood pulp); ... monomer for a semiconductive polymer that can be used like inorganic oxide catalysts in dehydrogenation of tert-butanol to isobutylene and water.

Acrylonitrile is used as a monomer for acrylic and modacrylic fibers and whiskers; in copolymers with styrene and butadiene (ABS resins); in the manufacture of adiponitrile; and in nitrile rubbers. Acrylonitrile is no longer used as a fumigant and nitrile resins made with acrylonitrile are no longer used to make beverage bottles.

In the plastics, surface coatings, and adhesives industries. As chemical intermediate in the synthesis of antioxidants, pharmaceuticals, dyes, surface-active agents, etc. In organic synthesis to introduce cyanoethyl group. As modifier for natural polymers.

As a pesticide fumigant for stored grain /Former use/

Experimentally to induce adrenal hemorrhagic necrosis in rats.

Find more information on this substance at: Hazardous Substances Data Bank , TOXMAP , TOXNET , PubMed