Ethylenediamine

CAS RN:107-15-3

Environmental Fate

TERRESTRIAL FATE: Based on a classification scheme(1), an average Koc value of 4766(2) indicates that ethylenediamine is expected to have slight mobility in soil(SRC). Volatilization of ethylenediamine from moist soil surfaces is not expected to be an important fate process(SRC) given a Henry's Law constant of 1.73X10-9 atm-cu m/mole(3). The potential for volatilization of ethylenediamine from dry soil surfaces may exist based upon a vapor pressure of 12.1 mm Hg(4). However, adsorption to soil may attenuate volatilization(SRC). Based on screening studies(5-7), biodegradation is expected to be the most important degradation process for this compound but no experimental rates in soil are available. Ethylenediamine may also form stable complexes with metal ions(8) in soil, but again, experimental data are lacking(SRC).

AQUATIC FATE: Based on a classification scheme(1), an average Koc value of 4766(2) indicates that ethylenediamine is expected to adsorb to suspended solids and sediment in water(SRC). Volatilization from water surfaces is not expected(3) based upon a Henry's Law constant of 1.73X10-9 atm-cu m/mole(4). As ethylenediamine has two primary amine groups, at the pH range found in most environmental waters, it is expected to be partially protonated; the dissociated form will not volatilize. According to a classification scheme(5), an estimated BCF of less than 1(SRC), from its log Kow(6) and a regression-derived equation(7), suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low. Based on screening studies(8-10), biodegradation is expected to be the most important degradation process for this compound but no experimental rates in water are available. Complexation of ethylenediamine with transition metals(11) in the water or reaction with humic materials(12) is possible(SRC).

ATMOSPHERIC FATE: According to a model of gas/particle partitioning of semivolatile organic compounds in the atmosphere(1), ethylenediamine, which has a vapor pressure of 12.1 mm Hg at 25 deg C(2), is expected to exist solely as a vapor. Vapor-phase ethylenediamine is degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically-produced hydroxyl radicals(SRC); the half-life for this reaction in air is estimated to be 6 hours(SRC), calculated from its rate constant of 6.3x10-11 cu cm/molecule-sec at 25 deg C(3) using a structure estimation method(3). As ethylenediamine is miscible in water(4), washout by rain will also be an important removal process(SRC).

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