Toluene

CAS RN:108-88-3

Reactivities / Incompatibilities

Incompatible materials: Strong oxidizing agents

If conditions are not properly controlled, the reaction of toluene with nitric acid is extremely violent especially in the presence of sulfuric acid, which takes up the water formed. Part of the hazard is from the formation of nitrocresols, which react and decompose violently on further nitration.

A mixture of /nitrogen tetroxide and toluene/ caused an explosion at an industrial plant in Zschornewitz.

Shock-sensitive solvated salts are ... formed with silver perchlorate and ... toluene.

Many "hydrocarbon-metal perchlorate" complexes are explosive, for example, the complexes of ... toluene ... .

Frozen bromine trifluoride reacts violently with toluene at -80 deg C.

A mixture of /dinitrogen/ tetraoxide and toluene exploded, possibly initiated by impurities.

Lack of proper control in nitration of toluene with mixed acids /nitric/ may lead to runaway or explosive reaction. A contributory factor is the oxidative formation, and subsequent nitration and decomposition of nitrocresols.

When /tetranitromethane is/ mixed with hydrocarbons in approximately stoichiometric proportions, a sensitive highly explosive mixture is produced which needs careful handling ... . Explosion of only 10 g of a mixture with toluene caused 10 deaths and 20 severe injuries. The mixture contained excess toluene ... .

Interaction /of uranium hexafluoride/ with ... toluene ... is very vigorous, with separation of carbon, and violent with ethanol or water.

Strong oxidizers may cause fire and explosions. Violent reaction with mixtures of nitric and sulfuric acid.

Strong oxidizers.

Reacts photochemically with nitrogen oxides or halogens to form nitrotoluene, nitrobenzene and nitrophenol and halogenated products, respectively.

Explosive reaction with 1,3-dichloro-5,5-dimethyl-2,4-imidazolididione, dinitrogen tetraoxide, concentrated nitric acid, sulfuric acid + nitric acid; /dinitrogen tetroxide/, /silver perchlorate/, /bromine trifluoride/, /uranium hexafluoride/, sulfur dichloride. Forms an explosive mixture with tetranitromethane.

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