2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene

CAS RN:118-96-7

DOT Emergency Guidelines

GUIDE 113
FLAMMABLE SOLIDS - TOXIC (Wet/Desensitized Explosive)
POTENTIAL HAZARDS
FIRE OR EXPLOSION
· Flammable/combustible material.
· May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
· DRIED OUT material may explode if exposed to heat, flame, friction or shock; treat as an explosive (GUIDE 112).
· Keep material wet with water or treat as an explosive (GUIDE 112).
· Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard.
HEALTH
· Some are toxic and may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin.
· Contact may cause burns to skin and eyes.
· Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
· Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
PUBLIC SAFETY
· CALL EMERGENCY RESPONSE Telephone Number on Shipping Paper first. If Shipping Paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
· Isolate spill or leak area immediately for at least 100 meters (330 feet) in all directions.
· Keep unauthorized personnel away.
· Stay upwind, uphill and/or upstream.
· Ventilate closed spaces before entering.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
· Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
· Structural firefighters' protective clothing will only provide limited protection.
EVACUATION
Large Spill
· Consider initial EVACUATION for 500 meters (1/3 mile) in all directions.
Fire
· If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.
In Canada, an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) may be required for this product. Please consult the shipping document and/or the Canada and United States National Response Centers reference document.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
FIRE
CARGO Fire
· DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches cargo! Cargo may EXPLODE!
· Stop all traffic and clear the area for at least 1600 meters (1 mile) in all directions and let burn.
· Do not move cargo or vehicle if cargo has been exposed to heat.
TIRE or VEHICLE Fire
· Use plenty of water - FLOOD it! If water is not available, use CO2, dry chemical or dirt.
· If possible, and WITHOUT RISK, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles from maximum distance to prevent fire from spreading to cargo area.
· Pay special attention to tire fires as re-ignition may occur. Stand by, at a safe distance, with extinguisher ready for possible re-ignition.
SPILL OR LEAK
· ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area).
· All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded.
· Do not touch or walk through spilled material.
Small Spill
· Flush area with flooding quantities of water.
Large Spill
· Wet down with water and dike for later disposal.
· KEEP "WETTED" PRODUCT WET BY SLOWLY ADDING FLOODING QUANTITIES OF WATER.
FIRST AID
· Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
· Move victim to fresh air.
· Call 911 or emergency medical service.
· Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
· Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
· Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.
· In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.
ERG 2016

Find more information on this substance at: Hazardous Substances Data Bank , TOXNET , PubMed