Asbestos

CAS RN:1332-21-4

DOT Emergency Guidelines

GUIDE 171
SUBSTANCES (Low to Moderate Hazard)
POTENTIAL HAZARDS
FIRE OR EXPLOSION
· Some may burn but none ignite readily.
· Containers may explode when heated.
· Some may be transported hot.
· For UN3508, be aware of possible short circuiting as this product is transported in a charged state.
HEALTH
· Inhalation of material may be harmful.
· Contact may cause burns to skin and eyes.
· Inhalation of Asbestos dust may have a damaging effect on the lungs.
· Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
· Some liquids produce vapors that may cause dizziness or suffocation.
· Runoff from fire control may cause pollution.
PUBLIC SAFETY
· CALL EMERGENCY RESPONSE Telephone Number on Shipping Paper first. If Shipping Paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
· As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.
· Keep unauthorized personnel away.
· Stay upwind, uphill and/or upstream.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
· Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
· Structural firefighters' protective clothing will only provide limited protection.
EVACUATION
Spill
· See the Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances for highlighted materials. For non-highlighted materials, increase, in the downwind direction, as necessary, the isolation distance shown under "PUBLIC SAFETY".
Fire
· If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
FIRE
Small Fire
· Dry chemical, CO2, water spray or regular foam.
Large Fire
· Water spray, fog or regular foam.
· Do not scatter spilled material with high-pressure water streams.
· Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.
· Dike fire-control water for later disposal.
Fire involving Tanks
· Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
· Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.
· ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.
SPILL OR LEAK
· Do not touch or walk through spilled material.
· Stop leak if you can do it without risk.
· Prevent dust cloud.
· Avoid inhalation of asbestos dust.
Small Dry Spill
· With clean shovel, place material into clean, dry container and cover loosely; move containers from spill area.
Small Spill
· Pick up with sand or other non-combustible absorbent material and place into containers for later disposal.
Large Spill
· Dike far ahead of liquid spill for later disposal.
· Cover powder spill with plastic sheet or tarp to minimize spreading.
· Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas.
FIRST AID
· Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
· Move victim to fresh air.
· Call 911 or emergency medical service.
· Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
· Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
· Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.
· In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.
ERG 2016

Find more information on this substance at: Hazardous Substances Data Bank , TOXNET , PubMed