Sodium Hypochlorite

CAS RN:7681-52-9

Reactivities / Incompatibilities

Chlorination of ethyleneimine with sodium hypochlorite gives the explosive compound 1-chloroethyleneimine.
Primary amines and calcium hypochlorite or sodium hypochlorite react to form normal chloroamines, which are explosive.
Hypochlorites react with urea to form nitrogen trichloride which explodes spontaneously in air. /Hypochlorites/
Contact in the drains of an effluent containing the hypochlorite with one containing ammonium salts & acid led to formation of nitrogen trichloride which decomp explosively. ... Cleaning a brewery tank with an acidified ammonium sulfate cleaning preparation, then sodium hypochlorite soln without intermediate rinsing, led to nitrogen trichloride formation & a violent explosion.
Interaction of ethyleneimine with sodium (or other) hypochlorite gives the explosive N-chloro cmpd.
Removal of formic acid from industrial waste streams with sodium hypochlorite soln becomes explosive at 55 deg C.
Several explosions involving methanol and sodium hypochlorite were attributed to formation of methyl hypochlorite, especially in presence of acids or other esterification catalyst.
Use of sodium hypochlorite soln to destroy acidified benzyl cyanide residues caused a violent explosion, thought to have been due to formation of nitrogen trichloride.
Explosive reaction with formic acid (at 55 deg C); phenylacetonitrile. Reacts to form explosive products with amines; ammonium salts ... ; aziridine; methanol.
Decomposition of sodium hypochlorite takes place within a few seconds with the following salts: ammonium acetate, ammonium carbonate, ammonium nitrate, ammonium oxalate, & ammonium phosphate.
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