Phosphorus, Elemental (alias of 1381)

CAS RN:7723-14-0

DOT Emergency Guidelines

Go to Guide 133
Go to Guide 136

GUIDE 133
FLAMMABLE SOLIDS
POTENTIAL HAZARDS
FIRE OR EXPLOSION
· Flammable/combustible material.
· May be ignited by friction, heat, sparks or flames.
· Some may burn rapidly with flare-burning effect.
· Powders, dusts, shavings, borings, turnings or cuttings may explode or burn with explosive violence.
· Substance may be transported in a molten form at a temperature that may be above its flash point.
· May re-ignite after fire is extinguished.
HEALTH
· Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases.
· Contact may cause burns to skin and eyes.
· Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes.
· Runoff from fire control may cause pollution.
PUBLIC SAFETY
· CALL EMERGENCY RESPONSE Telephone Number on Shipping Paper first. If Shipping Paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
· As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area for at least 25 meters (75 feet) in all directions.
· Keep unauthorized personnel away.
· Stay upwind, uphill and/or upstream.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
· Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
· Structural firefighters' protective clothing will only provide limited protection.
EVACUATION
Large Spill
· Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 100 meters (330 feet).
Fire
· If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.
In Canada, an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) may be required for this product. Please consult the shipping document and/or the Canada and United States National Response Centers reference document.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
FIRE
Small Fire
· Dry chemical, CO2, sand, earth, water spray or regular foam.
Large Fire
· Water spray, fog or regular foam.
· Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.
Fire Involving Metal Pigments or Pastes (e.g. "Aluminum Paste")
· Aluminum Paste fires should be treated as a combustible metal fire. Use DRY sand, graphite powder, dry sodium chloride-based extinguishers, G-1® or Met-L-X® powder.
Also, see GUIDE 170.
Fire involving Tanks or Car/Trailer Loads
· Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
· For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn.
· Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.
· ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.
SPILL OR LEAK
· ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area).
· Do not touch or walk through spilled material.
Small Dry Spill
· With clean shovel, place material into clean, dry container and cover loosely; move containers from spill area.
Large Spill
· Wet down with water and dike for later disposal.
· Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas.
FIRST AID
· Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
· Move victim to fresh air.
· Call 911 or emergency medical service.
· Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
· Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
· Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.
· In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.
· Removal of solidified molten material from skin requires medical assistance.
· Keep victim calm and warm.
ERG 2016

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GUIDE 136
SUBSTANCES - SPONTANEOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE - TOXIC and/or CORROSIVE (Air-Reactive)
POTENTIAL HAZARDS
FIRE OR EXPLOSION
· Extremely flammable; will ignite itself if exposed to air.
· Burns rapidly, releasing dense, white, irritating fumes.
· Substance may be transported in a molten form.
· May re-ignite after fire is extinguished.
· Corrosive substances in contact with metals may produce flammable hydrogen gas.
· Containers may explode when heated.
HEALTH
· Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
· TOXIC; ingestion of substance or inhalation of decomposition products will cause severe injury or death.
· Contact with substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes.
· Some effects may be experienced due to skin absorption.
· Runoff from fire control may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.
PUBLIC SAFETY
· CALL EMERGENCY RESPONSE Telephone Number on Shipping Paper first. If Shipping Paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
· As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.
· Stay upwind, uphill and/or upstream.
· Keep unauthorized personnel away.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
· Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
· Wear chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the manufacturer. It may provide little or no thermal protection.
· Structural firefighters' protective clothing provides limited protection in fire situations ONLY; it is not effective in spill situations where direct contact with the substance is possible.
· For Phosphorus (UN1381): Special aluminized protective clothing should be worn when direct contact with the substance is possible.
EVACUATION
Spill
· Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 300 meters (1000 feet).
Fire
· If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.
In Canada, an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) may be required for this product. Please consult the shipping document and/or the Canada and United States National Response Centers reference document.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
FIRE
Small Fire
· Water spray, wet sand or wet earth.
Large Fire
· Water spray or fog.
· Do not scatter spilled material with high-pressure water streams.
· Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.
Fire involving Tanks or Car/Trailer Loads
· Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles.
· Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
· Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.
· ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.
SPILL OR LEAK
· Fully encapsulating, vapor-protective clothing should be worn for spills and leaks with no fire.
· ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area).
· Do not touch or walk through spilled material.
· Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing.
· Stop leak if you can do it without risk.
Small Spill
· Cover with water, sand or earth. Shovel into metal container and keep material under water.
Large Spill
· Dike for later disposal and cover with wet sand or earth.
· Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas.
FIRST AID
· Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
· Move victim to fresh air.
· Call 911 or emergency medical service.
· Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
· Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
· In case of contact with substance, keep exposed skin areas immersed in water or covered with wet bandages until medical attention is received.
· Removal of solidified molten material from skin requires medical assistance.
· Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes at the site and place in metal container filled with water. Fire hazard if allowed to dry.
· Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed.
· Keep victim calm and warm.
ERG 2016

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Find more information on this substance at: Hazardous Substances Data Bank , TOXMAP , TOXNET , PubMed