Sulfur, Elemental

CAS RN:7704-34-9

Treatment Overview

0.4.2 ORAL EXPOSURE
  • A) EMESIS: Ipecac-induced emesis is not recommended because of the potential for CNS depression and seizures.
  • B) GASTRIC LAVAGE: Consider after ingestion of a potentially life-threatening amount of poison if it can be performed soon after ingestion (generally within 1 hour). Protect airway by placement in the head down left lateral decubitus position or by endotracheal intubation. Control any seizures first.
    • 1) CONTRAINDICATIONS: Loss of airway protective reflexes or decreased level of consciousness in unintubated patients; following ingestion of corrosives; hydrocarbons (high aspiration potential); patients at risk of hemorrhage or gastrointestinal perforation; and trivial or non-toxic ingestion.
  • C) ACTIVATED CHARCOAL: Administer charcoal as a slurry (240 mL water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents, 25 to 50 g in children (1 to 12 years), and 1 g/kg in infants less than 1 year old.
  • D) Patients should be monitored and treated symptomatically. Effects are variable depending on the route and amount of exposure. Hydrogen sulfide has been produced following ingestions of lime sulfur.
  • E) Skin and eye irritation are possible following minor exposures. Moderate to severe effects can occur after large ingestions and result in gastrointestinal irritation and mucosal burns, as well as, cardiac, respiratory, and central nervous system effects.
  • F) ACUTE LUNG INJURY: Maintain ventilation and oxygenation and evaluate with frequent arterial blood gases and/or pulse oximetry monitoring. Early use of PEEP and mechanical ventilation may be needed.
0.4.3 INHALATION EXPOSURE
  • A) INHALATION: Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with an inhaled beta2-adrenergic agonist. Consider systemic corticosteroids in patients with significant bronchospasm.
0.4.4 EYE EXPOSURE
  • A) DECONTAMINATION: Remove contact lenses and irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of room temperature 0.9% saline or water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist after 15 minutes of irrigation, the patient should be seen in a healthcare facility.
0.4.5 DERMAL EXPOSURE
  • A) OVERVIEW
    • 1) DECONTAMINATION: Remove contaminated clothing and jewelry and place them in plastic bags. Wash exposed areas with soap and water for 10 to 15 minutes with gentle sponging to avoid skin breakdown. A physician may need to examine the area if irritation or pain persists (Burgess et al, 1999).
Find more information on this substance at: Hazardous Substances Data Bank , TOXNET , PubMed