Viral hemorrhagic fevers

WMD Response Guidelines

title-here
Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (VHF)
Guide 9
Classification:
Virus
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
  • Fever
  • Muscular Pain
  • Headaches
  • Hemorrhage
  • Hypotension
  • Shock
CHARACTERISTICS
  • Incubation Period: Variable
  • Often Fatal
  • Moderately Contagious
  • Variable Treatments Available
INDICATORS
  • Focused Response
  • Public Health Emergency
  • Verbal or Written Threats
  • Unusual Number of Sick or Dying People or Animals
  • Suspicious Bombing Incident with Little Blast or Fire Damage
  • Unscheduled or Unusual Spray Being or Having Been Disseminated
  • Abandoned Spray or Dispersion Devices
  • Laboratory Containers
  • Biohazard Cultures or Culture Media Labels
  • Possible Swarms of Insects
  • Casualty Distribution Aligned with Wind Direction
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE
  • Inhalation
  • Possible Absorption
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
  • Approach from Upwind, Uphill, or Upstream
  • Isolate Immediate Area for at Least 300 Feet in all Directions
  • Keep Unauthorized Persons Away (Crowd Control)
  • Stay Upwind
  • Make Notifications
  • Decon with 5% bleach solution (for surface contamination if present) or soap and water (for personal contamination)
  • Obtain immediate medical attention
TYPE OF HARM
  • Etiological
PERSONAL PROTECTION
  • Time: Keep Exposure and Product Contact to Minimum
  • Distance: Stay at least 300 feet away on Upwind Side Until Agent is Identified
  • Shielding: Chemical Protective Clothing
Content reproduced for WISER with permission from the Louisiana State University and A&M College, National Center for Biomedical Research and Training, Academy of Counter-Terrorist Education. WMD Response Guidebook ©. Further reproduction prohibited.
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Find more information on this substance at: TOXNET , PubMed