Crude Oil

Protective Equipment / Clothing

Depending upon your work site's personal protective equipment (PPE) program and assigned job task, any of the following PPE may be required: Protective pants, boots, disposable gloves, life jackets, respirator, boots, and duct tape. Boots are duct taped to pants to form a seal. More conventional hazmat gear will likely not be used. Rarely, respirators ranging from an N-95 to a Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR) will be used.

Wear NIOSH-approved respirators with the proper cartridges for the hazards in your work area (which may include organic vapor types) /as specified/ in your employer's Health and Safety Plan (HASP). Dust masks do not provide adequate protection against vapors, gases, and some toxic materials.

Several types of materials are capable of protecting against crude oil, including those made from neoprene, nitrile and butyl rubber ... . PPE should be evaluated before purchase and use by contacting the manufacturer to be sure it has barrier performance against the expected exposures. For eye/face protection, safety glasses, safety goggles, or face shields may be required depending on the specific work activity.

Administrative controls and engineering controls should be utilized first to minimize the need for PPE in any particular job. Where such controls will not effectively minimize the exposures, then PPE will be necessary. ... Crude oil and its constituents, as well as oil dispersants, can cause skin irritation and inflammation. NIOSH and OSHA recommend avoiding all unprotected skin and eye contact to crude oil, dispersants and other chemicals used during response activities...

Rubber type steel toe/shank footwear will protect your feet from injury and from oil exposure. Wear oil resistant gloves when in contact with oil and oil waste and outer durable gloves when handling debris.

Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact. /Petroleum distillates (naphtha)/

Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact. /Petroleum distillates (naphtha)/

Respirator Recommendations: Up to 850 ppm /Petroleum distillates (naphtha)/

Assigned Protection Factor (APF) Respirator Recommendation
APF = 10 Any supplied-air respirator.

Respirator Recommendations: Up to 1100 ppm /Petroleum distillates (naphtha)/

Assigned Protection Factor (APF) Respirator Recommendation
APF = 25 Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode. Substance reported to cause eye irritation or damage; may require eye protection.
APF = 50 Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece.
APF = 50 Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece.

Respirator Recommendations: Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: /Petroleum distillates (naphtha)/

Assigned Protection Factor (APF) Respirator Recommendation
APF = 10,000 Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode.
APF = 10,000 Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus.

Respirator Recommendations: Escape conditions: /Petroleum distillates (naphtha)/

Assigned Protection Factor (APF) Respirator Recommendation
APF = 50 Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister./Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus.
Find more information on this substance at: Hazardous Substances Data Bank , TOXNET , PubMed