Ethylene Oxide

CAS RN:75-21-8

Storage Conditions

Prior to working with this chemical you should be trained on its proper handling and storage. Before entering a confined space where this chemical may be present, check to make sure that an explosive concentration does not exist. It must be stored to avoid contact with even small amounts of acids (such as nitric or sulfuric acids); alkalis (such as sodium bydroxide or potassium hydroxide); cataylic anhydrous chlorides of iron, aluminum or tin; iron or aluminum oxide; or metallic potassium hydroxide); catalytic anhydrous chlorides of iron, aluminum or tin; iron or aluminum oxide; or metallic potassium hydroxide, since it may react by itself, liberating much heat and causing a possible explosion. Ethylene oxide should not contact oxidizers (such as perchlorates, perxoides, permanganates, chlorates, and nitrates) since an explosion could occur. Store in tightly closed containers in a cool, well-ventilated area away from heat, sparks, or sunlight. Sources of ignition such as smoking and open flames are prohibited where ethlyene oxide is handled, used, or stored. Metal containers involving the transfer of 5 gallons or more of ethylene oxide should br grounded and bonded. Drums must be equipped with self-closing valves, pressure vacuum bungs, and flame arresters. Use only non-sparking tools and equipment, especially when opening and closing containers of ethylene oxide . Wherever ethylene oxide is used, handled, manufactured, or stored, use explosion-proof electrical equipment and fittings.
Store EtO in tightly closed cylinders or tanks in a cool, shaded, well-ventilated, explosion-proof area.
Temperature: ambient
Protect containers against physical damage, check for leakage intermittently. Store in distant outdoor tank or container protected from direct sunlight, lined with insulating material, equipped with an adequate refrigeration and water system. Indoor storage should be restricted to small quantities. Place material in a combustible liquid cabinet which is fireproof in conformity with regulations.
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": Storage site should be as close as practical to lab in which carcinogens are to be used, so that only small quantities required for ... expt need to be carried. Carcinogens should be kept in only one section of cupboard, an explosion-proof refrigerator or freezer (depending on chemicophysical properties ...) that bears appropriate label. An inventory ... should be kept, showing quantity of carcinogen & date it was acquired ... Facilities for dispensing ... should be contiguous to storage area. /Chemical Carcinogens/
Storage and transport containers for ethylene oxide are usually made from steel, but steel is suitable only if special measures have been taken to prevent rust formation.
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated location. Store away from heat, oxidizing materials, and sunlight. Outside or detached storage is preferred. May react in insulation forming low molecular weight polyethylene glycols that can spontaneously heat and ignite at less than 212 deg F (100 deg C).
Find more information on this substance at: Hazardous Substances Data Bank , TOXNET , PubMed