Parathion

CAS RN:56-38-2

WMD Response Guidelines

title-here
Nerve Agents
Guide 16
Example:
Tabun (GA), Sarin (GB), Soman (GD), V Agent (VX), Malathion, Parathion
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
  • Pinpoint Pupils
  • Runny Nose
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Loss of Consciousness
  • Convulsions
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
CHARACTERISTICS
  • Taburn
    • Boiling Point: ~428oF
    • Vapor Density (Air=1): 5.63
    • Specific Gravity (H2O=1): N/A
  • Sarin
    • Boiling Point: ~316oF
    • Vapor Density (Air=1): 4.86
    • Specific Gravity (H2O=1): 1.0887 @ 25oC
  • Soman
    • Boiling Point: ~388oF
    • Vapor Density (Air=1): 6.33
    • Specific Gravity (H2O=1): 1.022 @ 25oC
  • VX
    • Boiling Point: ~568oF
    • Vapor Density (Air=1): 9.2
    • Specific Gravity (H2O=1): N/A
INDICATORS
  • Dead Animals
  • Lack of Insect Life
  • Mass Casualties
  • Definite Pattern of Casualties
  • Casualty Patterns Differentiated by Indoor/Outdoor Location
  • Unusual Liquid Droplets
  • Areas That Look Different in Appearance
  • Unexplained Odors
  • Low Lying Clouds
  • Unusual Metal Debris
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE
  • Inhalation
  • Absorption
  • The most effective way to weaponize this product is to aerosolize it
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
  • Approach from Upwind, Uphill, or Upstream
  • Isolate Immediate Area in all directions for a SMALL INCIDENT 700 feet or LARGE INCIDENT 2000 feet (SMALL = < 55 Gallons, LARGE = > 55 Gallons)
  • Keep Unauthorized Persons Away
  • Consider Immediate Downwind Evacuation For a SMALL INCIDENT DAY of 1.2 Miles or 5.5 Miles NIGHT, or LARGE INCIDENT DAY of 4.6 Miles or NIGHT of 7 Miles
  • Consider Immediate All Direction Evacuation Distance of 2640 feet during the day
  • Stay Upwind
  • Make Notifications, Decon With Water, Obtain Immediate Medical Treatment
TYPE OF HARM
  • Chemical
  • Possible Thermal
  • Possible Asphyxiation
  • Possible Mechanical
PERSONAL PROTECTION
  • Time: Keep Exposure and Product Contact to Minimum
  • Distance: Stay 700 and 2000 feet away on Upwind Side
  • Shielding: Chemical Protective Clothing
Content reproduced for WISER with permission from the Louisiana State University and A&M College, National Center for Biomedical Research and Training, Academy of Counter-Terrorist Education. WMD Response Guidebook ©. Further reproduction prohibited.
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HHS/NIH, National Library of Medicine
Find more information on this substance at: Hazardous Substances Data Bank , TOXNET , PubMed