Alcoholic beverages


ERG Guide Book

GUIDE 127
Flammable Liquids (Water-Miscible)
POTENTIAL HAZARDS
FIRE OR EXPLOSION
· HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
CAUTION: Ethanol (UN1170) can burn with an invisible flame. Use an alternate method of detection (thermal camera, broom handle, etc.)
· Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air.
· Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back.
· Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks, etc.).
· Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
· Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire.
· Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard.
· Containers may explode when heated.
· Many liquids will float on water.
HEALTH
· Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes.
· Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
· Vapors may cause dizziness or asphyxiation.
· Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause environmental contamination.
PUBLIC SAFETY
· CALL 911. Then call emergency response telephone number on shipping paper. If shipping paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
· Keep unauthorized personnel away.
· Stay upwind, uphill and/or upstream.
· Ventilate closed spaces before entering, but only if properly trained and equipped.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
· Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
· Structural firefighters' protective clothing provides thermal protection but only limited chemical protection.
EVACUATION
Immediate precautionary measure
· Isolate spill or leak area for at least 50 meters (150 feet) in all directions.
Large Spill
· Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 300 meters (1000 feet).
Fire
· If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.
In Canada, an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) may be required for this product. Please consult the shipping paper and/or the ERAP Program Section (page 390).
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
FIRE
CAUTION: The majority of these products have a very low flash point. Use of water spray when fighting fire may be inefficient.
CAUTION: For fire involving UN1170, UN1987 or UN3475, alcohol-resistant foam should be used.
CAUTION: Ethanol (UN1170) can burn with an invisible flame. Use an alternate method of detection (thermal camera, broom handle, etc.)
Small Fire
· Dry chemical, CO2, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam.
Large Fire
· Water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam.
· Avoid aiming straight or solid streams directly onto the product.
· If it can be done safely, move undamaged containers away from the area around the fire.
Fire Involving Tanks or Car/Trailer Loads
· Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned master stream devices or monitor nozzles.
· Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
· Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.
· ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.
· For massive fire, use unmanned master stream devices or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn.
SPILL OR LEAK
· ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames) from immediate area.
· All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded.
· Do not touch or walk through spilled material.
· Stop leak if you can do it without risk.
· Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas.
· A vapor-suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
· Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers.
· Use clean, non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material.
Large Spill
· Dike far ahead of liquid spill for later disposal.
· Water spray may reduce vapor, but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.
FIRST AID
· Call 911 or emergency medical service.
· Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
· Move victim to fresh air if it can be done safely.
· Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
· Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
· Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.
· In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.
· Wash skin with soap and water.
· In case of burns, immediately cool affected skin for as long as possible with cold water. Do not remove clothing if adhering to skin.
· Keep victim calm and warm.
ERG 2020


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