Methanol

CAS RN: 67-56-1

Major Uses

Both oil base and water base fracturing fluids are being used in the fracturing industry. Water base, which includes alcohol-water mixtures and low strength acids, make up the majority of treating fluids. The common chemicals added to these fluids are polymers for viscosity development, crosslinkers for viscosity enhancement, pH control chemicals, gel breakers for polymer degradation following the treatment, surfactants, clay stabilizers, alcohol, bactericides, fluid loss additives and friction reducer. /Hydraulic fracturing/
Hydraulic fracturing uses a specially blended liquid which is pumped into a well under extreme pressure causing cracks in rock formations underground. These cracks in the rock then allow oil and natural gas to flow, increasing resource production. ... Chemical Name: Methanol; Chemical Purpose: Product stabilizer and/or winterizing agent; Product Function: Corrosion inhibitor.
In 2013, the breakdown of total methanol use was formaldehyde, 31%; MTBE, 11%; acetic acid, 10%; and all other includes chloromethane, methyl methacrylate, methylamine, dimethyl terephthalate, solvents, glycol methyl ethers, antifreeze in windshield wipers, and drilling muds and fuels.
... Dehydrator of natural gas; fuel for utility plants (methyl fuel); feedstock for manufacture of synthetic proteins by continuous fermentation; source of hydrogen for fuel cells, home-heating-oil extender.
For methanol (USEPA/OPP Pesticide Code: 053801) there are 0 labels match. /SRP: Not registered for current use in the U.S., but approved pesticide uses may change periodically and so federal, state and local authorities must be consulted for currently approved uses./
Approximately 70% of the methanol produced worldwide is used in chemical syntheses. In order of importance: Formaldehyde, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), acetic acid, dimethyl ether (DME), propene, methyl methacrylate and dimethyl terephthalate (DMT). The use for energy and fuel applications, either directly or in form of methanol downstream products, is gaining more importance, especially in today's emerging economies.
Industrial organic solvent. Solvent and solvent adjuvant for polymers. Solvent in the manufacture of vitamins, hormones, and other pharmaceuticals. Raw material for making formaldehyde and methyl esters of organic and inorganic acids. Antifreeze for automotive radiators and air brakes; ingredient of gasoline and diesel oil antifreezes. Octane booster in gasoline. As fuel for picnic stoves and soldering torches. Extractant for animal and vegetable oils. To denature ethanol. Softening agent for pyroxylin plastics.
... Duplicating fluid (99% methyl alcohol) used in direct-process spirit duplicating machines.
Furfuryl alcohol is hypergolic with high-strength nitric acid and methanol has been used as a propellant fuel.
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