Methanol

CAS RN: 67-56-1

Cleanup Methods

ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES: Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapors accumulating to form explosive concentrations. Vapors can accumulate in low areas. Environmental precautions: Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and place in container for disposal according to local regulations.
General Spill Actions: Stop or reduce discharge of material if this can be done without risk. Eliminate all sources of ignition. Avoid skin contact and inhalation. A fluorocarbon water foam can be applied to the spill to diminish vapor and fire hazard. Hycar and carbopol, which are absorbent materials, have shown possible applicability for vapor suppression and/or containment of methanol in spill situations. Leaking containers should be removed to the outdoors or to an isolated, well-ventilated area and the contents transferred to other suitable containers. The following materials are recommended for plugging leaks of methanol: polyester (eg Glad bag), imid polyester (eg brown-in-bag), stafoam urethane foam, sea-going epoxy putty, and MSA urethane.
Spills on Land: Contain if possible by forming mechanical or chemical barriers to prevent spreading. Absorb on sand, vermiculite or other absorbent and shovel into metal containers for disposal. Application of universal gelling agent to immobilize the spill, or the use of fly ash or cement powder to absorb the liquid bulk should also be considered. Other recommended sorbent materials are activated carbon and a universal sorbent material.
Spills in Water: After containment, a universal gelling agent can be injected to solidify trapped mass to increase the effectiveness of berms. Activated carbon can be applied at 10% the spilled amount over region occupied by 10 mg/L or greater concentrations. Then use mechanical dredges or lifts to remove immobilized masses of pollutants.
If the spilled material is known to be methanol: Response personnel should be provided with and required to use impervious clothing, gloves, face shields (eight-inch minimum), and other appropriate protective clothing necessary to prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact with liquid methyl alcohol. Splash-proof and chemical safety goggles are recommended for eye protection. Polyvinyl plastic, neoprene or rubber is recommended for protective clothing and gloves. Chemical suit materials recommended for protection against methanol, include butyl, neoprene and polyvinyl chloride.
Environmental considerations- Land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. /SRP: If time permits, pits, ponds, lagoons, soak holes, or holding areas should be sealed with an impermeable flexible membrane liner./ Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete.
Environmental considerations- Water spill: Allow to aerate. Use natural barriers or oil spill control booms to limit spill travel. Remove trapped material with suction hoses.
Find more information on this substance at: PubChem, PubMed