Carbon monoxide

CAS RN: 630-08-0

Major Uses

Reducing agent in metallurgical operations; in organic synthesis especially in the Fischer-Tropsch process for petroleum-type products and in the oxo reaction; in the manuf of metal carbonyls
Unisolated component of gaseous fuels, eg, water gas; chem int for phosgene, methanol, acetic acid, acrylic acid, synthetic fuels (non-US use), dimethylformamide, oxo alcohols via aldehydes (eg, butyl alcohol), methyl formate, alkyl carbonates, and silicon carbide fibers; comonomer in ethylene-carbon monoxide copolymer; reducing agent in iron ore processing; purification agent for nickel via nickel carbonyl; chem int for other metal carbonyls, eg, tungsten carbonyl; chem int for ethylene glycol (former use)
Carbon monoxide is increasingly being used on a very large scale for the production of chemical intermediates. It is used in the production of hydrogen, heterogeneous catalysts, pure metals, phosgene, aluminum chloride, acetic acid, acetic anhydride, formic acid, methyl formate, N,N-dimethylformamide, acrylic acid, propanoic acid and as a reducing agent in blast furnaces; a large variety of chemicals, ranging from saturated hydrocarbons to oxygenated compounds are produced using syngas (CO and H2) as a feedstock.
Organic synthesis (methanol, ethylene, isocyanates, aldehydes, acrylates, phosgene), fuels (gaseous), metallurgy (special steels, reducing oxides, nickel refining), zinc white pigments.
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