Lithium, Elemental

CAS RN: 7439-93-2

DOT Emergency Guidelines

GUIDE 138
Substances - Water-Reactive (Emitting Flammable Gases)
POTENTIAL HAZARDS
FIRE OR EXPLOSION
· Produce flammable gases on contact with water.
· May ignite on contact with water or moist air.
· Some react vigorously or explosively on contact with water.
· May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
· May re-ignite after fire is extinguished.
· Some are transported in highly flammable liquids.
· Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
HEALTH
· Inhalation or contact with vapors, substance or decomposition products may cause severe injury or death.
· May produce corrosive solutions on contact with water.
· Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
· Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause environmental contamination.
PUBLIC SAFETY
· CALL 911. Then call emergency response telephone number on shipping paper. If shipping paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
· Keep unauthorized personnel away.
· Stay upwind, uphill and/or upstream.
· Ventilate closed spaces before entering, but only if properly trained and equipped.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
· Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
· Wear chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the manufacturer when there is NO RISK OF FIRE.
· Structural firefighters' protective clothing provides thermal protection but only limited chemical protection.
EVACUATION
Immediate precautionary measure
· Isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.
Spill
· For highlighted materials: see Table 1 - Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances.
· For non-highlighted materials: increase the immediate precautionary measure distance, in the downwind direction, as necessary.
Fire
· If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.
In Canada, an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) may be required for this product. Please consult the shipping paper and/or the ERAP Program Section.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
FIRE
· DO NOT USE WATER OR FOAM.
Small Fire
· Dry chemical, soda ash, lime or sand.
Large Fire
· DRY sand, dry chemical, soda ash or lime or withdraw from area and let fire burn.
· If it can be done safely, move undamaged containers away from the area around the fire.
Fire Involving Metals or Powders (Aluminum, Lithium, Magnesium, etc.)
· Use dry chemical, DRY sand, sodium chloride powder, graphite powder or class D extinguishers; in addition, for Lithium you may use Lith-X® powder or copper powder. Also, see GUIDE 170.
Fire Involving Tanks or Car/Trailer Loads
· Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned master stream devices or monitor nozzles.
· Do not get water inside containers.
· Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
· Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.
· ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.
SPILL OR LEAK
· ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames) from immediate area.
· Do not touch or walk through spilled material.
· Stop leak if you can do it without risk.
· Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled material.
· DO NOT GET WATER on spilled substance or inside containers.
Small Spill
· Cover with DRY earth, DRY sand or other non-combustible material followed with plastic sheet to minimize spreading or contact with rain.
· Dike for later disposal; do not apply water unless directed to do so.
Powder Spill
· Cover powder spill with plastic sheet or tarp to minimize spreading and keep powder dry.
· DO NOT CLEAN-UP OR DISPOSE OF, EXCEPT UNDER SUPERVISION OF A SPECIALIST.
FIRST AID
· Call 911 or emergency medical service.
· Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
· Move victim to fresh air if it can be done safely.
· Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
· Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
· Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.
· In case of contact with substance, wipe from skin immediately; flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.
· Keep victim calm and warm.
ERG 2020

Find more information on this substance at: PubChem, PubMed