CAS RN: 7664-41-7

Agent Specific


Ammonia Specific Triage

The following exposed persons should be evaluated at a medical facility:

  • Symptomatic patients complaining of persistent shortness of breath, severe cough, or chest tightness should be admitted to the hospital and observed until symptom-free. Pulmonary injury may progress for several hours.
  • Those who have eye or skin burns that cover a large surface area.
  • Those who have ingested ammonia.

Patient Release

  • In a mass casualty situation, asymptomatic patients who are reliable historians and those who experienced only minor sensations of burning of the nose, throat, eyes, and respiratory tract (with perhaps a slight cough) may be released. In most instances, these patients will be free of symptoms in an hour or less. They should be advised to seek medical care promptly if symptoms develop or recur.
  • If the treater feels that the patient has been exposed to a significant amount of ammonia, despite a relatively benign clinical appearance, if the incident involved a small number of patients, or the victims included young kids (especially infants or patients with special needs), they should be monitored in an ED "extended care" area for 6-12 hrs).
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