Ammonia

CAS RN: 7664-41-7

Pediatric Vulnerabilities

Pediatric

Pediatric/Obstetric/Geriatric Vulnerabilities

Children are more vulnerable to ammonia because:

  • Infants, toddlers, and young children do not have the motor skills to escape from the site of an incident.
  • The vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and may spread along the ground high which is in the breathing zone of small children.
  • Children exposed to ammonia are likely to experience increased severity of the same clinical effects seen in exposed adults.
  • Exposure may be greater due to the higher number of respirations per minute in children.
  • The smaller airway diameter, anatomic subglottic narrowing, omega shaped epiglottic structure, relatively large tongue size, less rigid ribs and trachea make them more vulnerable to nerve agent induces pathology i.e. stridor, bronchospasm, copious secretions.
  • Vesicants and corrosives produce greater injury to children because of poor keratinization of their skin.
  • Children, because of their relatively larger body surface area, lose heat quickly when showered. Consequently, decontamination may result in hypothermia unless heating lamps and other warming equipment are used.
  • Having less fluid reserve increases the child's risk of rapid dehydration or shock after vomiting and diarrhea.
  • Link to Primary and Secondary Survey
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