Chlorine

CAS RN: 7782-50-5

Other Preventive Measures

ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES: Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Environmental precautions: Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided.
Precautions for safe handling: Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid inhalation of vapor or mist. Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
Appropriate engineering controls: Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product.
Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands.
PRECAUTIONS. Persons caring for injured people must ensure adequate protection to prevent self-contamination when carrying out decontamination and medical treatment. Put all contaminated clothing in a sealed bag. Once a case is suspected, the local health authorities must be informed immediately
Before working with this product, handlers must be trained how to appropriately use respirators that conform to OSHA requirements (described in 29 CFR Part 1910.134) and how to appropriately handle and use chlorine.
Where there is any possibility of exposure of an employee's body to liquid chlorine, facilities for quick drenching of the body should be provided within the immediate work area for emergency use.
Do not breathe vapors or get in eyes, on skin or clothing. ... Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water after handling and before eating, drinking, or using tobacco. Remove contaminated clothing and wash clothing before reuse.
No food shall be stored, prepared, dispensed (even from vending machines), or eaten in areas where occupational exposure to chlorine may occur.
Skin that becomes contaminated with chlorine should be immediately washed or showered.
IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical attention.
IF IN EYES: Hold eyelids open and flush with a steady, gentle stream of water for 15 minutes. Get medical attention.
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration ... Get medical attention.
An eye wash fountain should be provided where exposure to chlorine is possible.
SRP: The scientific literature for the use of contact lenses by industrial workers is inconsistent. The benefits or detrimental effects of wearing contact lenses depend not only upon the substance, but also on factors including the form of the substance, characteristics and duration of the exposure, the uses of other eye protection equipment, and the hygiene of the lenses. However, there may be individual substances whose irritating or corrosive properties are such that the wearing of contact lenses would be harmful to the eye. In those specific cases, contact lenses should not be worn. In any event, the usual eye protection equipment should be worn even when contact lenses are in place.
SRP: Contaminated protective clothing should be segregated in a manner such that there is no direct personal contact by personnel who handle, dispose, or clean the clothing. The completeness of the cleaning procedures should be considered before the decontaminated protective clothing is returned for reuse by the workers. Contaminated clothing should not be taken home at the end of shift, but should remain at employee's place of work for cleaning.
DECONTAMINATION ZONE: Basic Decontamination Victims who are able and cooperative may assist with their own decontamination. Remove and double-bag contaminated clothing and personal belongings. Handle frostbitten skin and eyes with caution. Place frostbitten skin in warm water, about 108 deg F (42deg C). If warm water is not available wrap the affected part gently in blankets. Let the circulation reestablish itself naturally. Encourage the victim to exercise the affected part while it is being warmed. Flush exposed skin and hair with plain water for 3 to 5 minutes, then wash twice with mild soap. Rinse thoroughly with water. Do not irrigate eyes that have sustained frostbite injury. Otherwise, irrigate exposed or irritated eyes with plain water or saline for 15 minutes. Eye irrigation may be carried out simultaneously with other basic care and transport. Remove contact lenses if it can be done without additional trauma to the eye. If a corrosive material is suspected or if pain or injury is evident, continue irrigation while transferring the victim to the support zone. ... As soon as basic decontamination is complete, move the victim to the Support Zone.
Emergency responders ... should be trained and appropriately attired before entering the Hot Zone. If the proper equipment is not available, or if rescuers have not been trained in its use, assistance should be obtained from a local or regional HAZMAT team or other properly equipped response organization. Rescuer Protection: Chlorine is a severe respiratory-tract and skin irritant. Respiratory Protection: Positive-pressure, self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) is recommended in response situations that involve exposure to potentially unsafe levels of chlorine. Skin Protection: Chemical-protective clothing should be worn because chlorine gas can condense on the skin and cause irritation and burns.
MULTI-CASUALTY TRIAGE: Consult with the base station physician or the regional poison control center for advice regarding triage of multiple victims. Patients with evidence of significant exposure (e.g., severe or persistent cough, dyspnea or chemical burns) should be transported to a medical facility for evaluation. Patients who have minor or transient irritation of the eyes or throat may be discharged from the scene after their names, addresses, and telephone numbers are recorded. They should be advised to seek medical care promptly if symptoms develop or recur,
Find more information on this substance at: PubChem, PubMed