Mechlorethamine

CAS RN: 51-75-2

WMD Response Guidelines

title-here
Blister Agents
Guide 17
Example:
Mustard (H), Distilled Mustard (HD), Nitrogent Mustard (HN1, HN2, HN3)
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
  • Reddening of Skin
  • Blistering
  • Convulsions
  • Respiratory Failure
  • Sluggish
  • Apathetic
  • Lethargic
CHARACTERISTICS
  • Boiling Point: Varies
  • Vapor Density (Air=1): Varies
  • Specific Gravity (H2O=1): Varies
INDICATORS
  • Dead Animals
  • Lack of Insect Life
  • Mass Casualties
  • Definite Pattern of Casualties
  • Casualty Patterns Differentiated by Indoor/Outdoor Location
  • Unusual Liquid Droplets
  • Areas That Look Different in Appearance
  • Unexplained Garlic Odors
  • Low Lying Clouds
  • Unusual Metal Debris
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE
  • Inhalation
  • Absorption
  • Ingestion
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
  • Approach from Upwind, Uphill, or Upstream
  • Isolate Immediate Area in all directions for a SMALL INCIDENT 700 feet or LARGE INCIDENT 2000 feet (SMALL = < 55 Gallons, LARGE = > 55 Gallons)
  • Keep Unauthorized Persons Away
  • Consider Immediate Downwind Evacuation For a SMALL INCIDENT DAY of 1.2 Miles or 5.5 Miles NIGHT, or LARGE INCIDENT DAY of 4.6 Miles or NIGHT of 7 Miles
  • Consider Immediate All Direction Evacuation Distance of 2640 feet during the day
  • Stay Upwind
  • Make Notifications, Decon With Water, Obtain Immediate Medical Treatment
TYPE OF HARM
  • Chemical
  • Possible Thermal
  • Possible Asphyxiation
  • Possible Mechanical
PERSONAL PROTECTION
  • Time: Keep Exposure and Product Contact to Minimum
  • Distance: Stay 700 and 2000 feet away on Upwind Side
  • Shielding: Chemical Protective Clothing
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