Anthrax

WMD Response Guidelines

title-here
Anthrax
Guide 1
Classification:
Bacteria
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
  • Inhalation Route: Chest Cold Symptoms, Fever, Non-Productive Cough, Shortness of Breath, Shock, Cyanosis, Death
  • Ingestion Route: Intense Stomach Pain, Bowel Obstruction, Diarrhea, Fever, Dehydration, Death
  • Skin Route: Sores or Blisters on Exposed Skin
CHARACTERISTICS
  • Incubation Period: 1-7 days (Usually within 48 hours)
  • Inhalational Anthrax has a 90-95% fatality rate if therapy is not initiated early
  • Untreated Cutaneous Anthrax has a fatality rate of 5-20%
  • Non-Contagious, Except for Cutaneous
  • Treatment Available
INDICATORS
  • Focused Response
  • Public Health Emergency
  • Verbal or Written Threats or Claims of Responsibility
  • Unusual Number of Sick or Dying People or Animals
  • Suspicious Bombing Incident with Little Blast or Fire Damage
  • Unscheduled or Unusual Spray Being or Having Been Disseminated
  • Abandoned Spray or Dispersion Devices
  • Laboratory Containers
  • Biohazard Cultures or Culture Media Labels
  • Casualty Distribution Aligned with Wind Direction
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE
  • Inhalation
  • Absorption
  • Ingestion
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
  • Approach from Upwind, Uphill, or Upstream
  • Isolate Immediate Area for at Least 300 Feet in all Directions
  • Keep Unauthorized Persons Away (Crowd Control)
  • Stay Upwind
  • Make Notifications
  • Decon with 5% bleach solution (for surface contamination if present) or soap and water (for personal contamination)
  • Obtain immediate medical attention
TYPE OF HARM
  • Etiological
PERSONAL PROTECTION
  • Time: Keep Exposure and Product Contact to Minimum
  • Distance: Stay at least 300 feet away on Upwind Side Until Agent is Identified
  • Shielding: Chemical Protective Clothing
Content reproduced for WISER with permission from the Louisiana State University and A&M College, National Center for Biomedical Research and Training, Academy of Counter-Terrorist Education. WMD Response Guidebook ©. Further reproduction prohibited.
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Find more information on this substance at: PubChem, PubMed