Paraquat

CAS RN: 4685-14-7

Disposal Methods

SRP: Recycle any unused portion of the material for its approved use or return it to the manufacturer or supplier. Ultimate disposal of the chemical must consider: the material's impact on air quality; potential migration in air, soil or water; effects on animal, aquatic and plant life; and conformance with environmental and public health regulations. If it is possible or reasonable use an alternative chemical product with less inherent propensity for occupational harm/injury/toxicity or environmental contamination.
SRP: Wastewater from contaminant suppression, cleaning of protective clothing/equipment, or contaminated sites should be contained and evaluated for subject chemical or decomposition product concentrations. Concentrations shall be lower than applicable environmental discharge or disposal criteria. Alternatively, pretreatment and/or discharge to a permitted wastewater treatment facility is acceptable only after review by the governing authority and assurance that "pass through" violations will not occur. Due consideration shall be given to remediation worker exposure (inhalation, dermal and ingestion) as well as fate during treatment, transfer and disposal. If it is not practicable to manage the chemical in this fashion, it must be evaluated in accordance with EPA 40 CFR Part 261, specifically Subpart B, in order to determine the appropriate local, state and federal requirements for disposal.
Paraquat is rapidly inactivated in soil. It is also inactivated by anionic surfactants. Therefore an effective and environmentally safe disposal method would be to mix the product with ordinary household detergent and bury the mixture in clay soil.
If incineration facilities are unavailable for a particular organic or metallo-organic pesticide (except organic mercury, lead, cadmium, and arsenic compounds), additional disposal methods include, soil injection, chemical degradation, burial (in a designated landfill), or well injection. However, persons considering the chemical degradation method should contact EPA's Regional Administrator ... prior to attempting disposal, while the well injection method should only be considered after all reasonable alternative measures have been explored and found to be less satisfactory in terms of environmental protection. If the above approved disposal methods are unavailable, temporary storage of organic and metallo-organic pesticides (except organic mercury, lead, cadmium and arsenic compounds), may be undertaken. /Organic or metallo-organic pesticide/
Group I Containers: Combustible containers from organic or metallo-organic pesticides (except organic mercury, lead, cadmium, or arsenic compounds) should be disposed of in pesticide incinerators or in specified landfill sites. /Organic or metallo-organic pesticides/
Group II Containers: Non-combustible containers from organic or metallo-organic pesticides (except organic mercury, lead, cadmium, or arsenic compounds) must first be triple-rinsed. Containers that are in good condition may be returned to the manufacturer or formulator of the pesticide product, or to a drum reconditioner for reuse with the same type of pesticide product, if such reuse is legal under Department of Transportation regulations (eg 49 CFR 173.28). Containers that are not to be reused should be punctured ... and transported to a scrap metal facility for recycling, disposal or burial in a designated landfill. /Organic or metallo-organic pesticides/
Waste containing paraquat should be burnt in a proper high temperature incinerator with effluent gas scrubbing. Where no incinerator is available, contaminated absorbents or surplus products should be decomposed by hydrolysis at pH 12 or above. A 5% sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) solution or saturated (7-10%) sodium carbonate (washing soda) solution can be used. Before disposal of the resultant waste, the material must be analysed to ensure that the active ingredient has been degraded to a safe level. Paraquat is rapidly inactivated by clay soil. If the above mentioned methods are not possible, it can be buried in an approved landfill. Never pour untreated waste or surplus products into public sewers or where there is any danger of run-off or seepage into streams, water-courses, open waterways, ditches, fields with drainage systems, or the catchment areas of boreholes, wells, springs, or ponds.
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